Lab Test

Alpha-2-Antiplasmin

Plasmin Inhibitor, Alpha 2

Test Codes

EPIC: LAB6219, SOFT: A2APL

Instructions

Specimens with hematocrit values greater than 55% must have anticoagulant adjusted. Specimens must be re-collected using a specified whole blood to sodium citrate ratio. Contact the performing Laboratory for specific instructions.

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect: One Light Blue-top Becton-Dickinson 3.2% Sodium Citrate tube.

TUBE MUST BE FULL.

Physician Office/Draw Specimen Preparation

For optimal results, maintain whole blood specimen at room temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F) prior to transport. Transport whole blood to the Laboratory within 4 hours of collection. If transport within 4 hours is not possible, the following procedure must be followed for accurate results:

  1. Centrifuge the capped tubes at 1500 x g for 15 minutes.
  2. Transfer plasma with plastic pipette into a plastic polypropylene centrifuge tube, cap and centrifuge an additional 15 minutes at 1500 x g to obtain platelet poor plasma (PPP) which has a platelet count less than 10 bil/L. Plasma with a platelet count of less than 10 bil/L is critical for accurate results.
  3. Immediately remove only the top two-thirds of the PPP and transfer into a plastic tube.
  4. Freeze (-20°C/-4°F or below) the PPP immediately.
  5. Transport frozen on DRY ICE. Specimen must remain frozen during transport.   

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: Whole blood at room temperature (20-25°C or 68-77°F), or plasma obtained through the process listed above, frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below).

Rejection Criteria

  • Glass tubes and 3.8% Sodium Citrate tubes.
  • Specimens that are clotted or grossly hemolyzed.
  • Inappropriate specimen volume.
  • Thawed or partially thawed specimens. 

In-Lab Processing

Whole blood specimens must be processed as follows upon receipt in the Laboratory: 

  1. Centrifuge the capped tubes at 1500 x g for 15 minutes.
  2. Transfer plasma with plastic pipette into a plastic polypropylene centrifuge tube, cap and centrifuge an additional 15 minutes at 1500 x g to obtain platelet poor plasma (PPP) which has a platelet count less than 10 bil/L. Plasma with a platelet count of less than 10 bil/L is critical for accurate results.
  3. Immediately remove only the top two-thirds of the PPP and transfer into a plastic tube.
  4. Test or freeze specimen according to lab protocol.

Storage

Specimen Stability for Testing:

Whole Blood
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 4 hours
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): Unacceptable
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): Unacceptable

Platelet Poor Plasma (PPP)
Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): Unacceptable
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): Unacceptable
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 30 days

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 30 days

Laboratory

Royal Oak Coagulation Laboratory.

Performed

Minimum once per week.
Results available within 7-10 days.

Reference Range

90-140%.

Test Methodology

Chromogenic (IL ACL TOP Series).

Interpretation

Plasmin Inhibitor, also known as Alpha2-Antiplasmin, is the primary inhibitor of the fibrinolytic system. Congenital deficiencies are associated with hemorrhagic problems. Decreased levels are observed in liver diseases and DIC. Increased levels have been reported during postoperative episodes.

Clinical Utility

This assay aids in the diagnosis of Alpha-2 antiplasmin deficiency which is an uncommon cause of inherited bleeding

CPT Codes

85410
LOINC:  2868-8

Contacts

Last Updated

7/29/2022

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