Lab Test

Phenobarbital, Free and Total

Luminal, Barbital, Solfoton, Donnatal, Bellatal

Test Codes

ARUP #91551, EPIC: LAB6126, SOFT: XPHNF

Specimen Collection Criteria

Collect (preferred specimen): Two plain Red-top tubes.
Also acceptable: Three Lavender-top EDTA tubes.

Do not use Serum Separator Tubes.

Time of Collection: Trough, just prior to the next dose.

Physician Office/Draw Specimen Preparation

Centrifuge to separate serum or plasma from cells. Transfer serum or plasma to a plastic transport tube and refrigerate (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Preparation for Courier Transport

Transport: 2.0 mL serum or plasma, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F). (Minimum: 1.0 mL)

Rejection Criteria

Serum Separator (SST) tubes.

Specimens not collected and processed as indicated.

In-Lab Processing

Centrifuge to separate serum or plasma from cells. Transfer serum or plasma to a plastic transport tube and refrigerate (2-8°C or 36-46°F).

Transport: 2.0 mL serum or plasma, refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F). (Minimum: 1.10 mL)

Storage

Specimen Stability for Testing:

Room Temperature (20-26°C or 68-78.8°F): 14 days
Refrigerated (2-8°C or 36-46°F): 14 days
Frozen (-20°C/-4°F or below): 14 days

Specimen Storage in Department Prior to Disposal:

Specimen retention time is determined by the policy of the reference laboratory. Contact the Send Outs Laboratory with any questions.

Laboratory

Sent to ARUP Laboratories, Salt Lake City, UT, forwarded to National Medical Services (NMS), Willow Grove, PA.

Performed

Varies.
Results available in 4-11 days.

Reference Range

By report.

Test Methodology

Quantitative High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC). Tandem Mass Spectrometry.

Clinical Utility

Phenobarbital is a general CNS suppressant that has proven effectiveness in the control of generalized and partial seizures. Unbound drug levels are theoretically more closely correlated to therapeutic effect. This assay is used for the therapeutic monitoring and toxicity assessment of unbound phenobarbital.

CPT Codes

80184

Contacts

Last Updated

3/31/2020

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This directory currently reflects information only for specimens collected and/or processed at the
Farmington Hills, Grosse Pointe, Royal Oak, and Troy campuses.